Netherlands

Greater Friesland (Frisia) footpath: hiking trail from the North Sea coast in the Netherlands to Leer in Germany.

A long distance walking route between Bergen aan Zee ( West Friesland in the Netherlands) via the lake IJsselmeer to Leer (East Friesland, Germany). The entire trail is 362 km. long.

Getting there: the start of the walking tour is near Schiphol airport.The train to Alkmaar: about 1 hour. And from there the bus to Bergen aan Zee ( 35 min.). Throughout the route there are sufficient possibilities for public transport. 
Accommodation: hotels, B&B's. Campingsites in summer.
Height: below sealevel till 30 m. (!)

History
In earlier times Friesland was overall the northern area along the Dutch and German North Sea coast, a large, contiguous area of habitat. There would have been a kingdom of Friesland: Frisia or Magna Frisia. Due to subsidence of the peat soils during the early Middle Ages a lot of land flooded, resulting in the Zuiderzee (nowadays the IJsselmeer) and as a result of that the separation between West Friesland and Friesland (the province). And the Frisian in the north east of Germany.
In the centuries before the creation of the kingdom of the Netherlands a lot of famous and infamous people passed by. Like count Floris V who build a so called "dwangburcht" (castle) in Medemblik to protect against the infiltrations of the Frisian and to "keep calm" the West Frisian after the Frisian Hollandic wars.....( between 1345 and 1524 many battles between the Frisian and the Dutch).

The footpath
The Greater Friesland trail (LAW 14) has been developed by Wandelnet . Here you can by a guidebook.LAW-gids nr.14, S. de Vet, pub.Stichting Wandelnet. Or in the Tourist offices, bookshops.......
The 23 sections of this trail, 20 - 23 km. ,leads you through a varied landscape. Starting from the North Sea beach, through the dunes to Schoorl. And ending in Leer, along the Ems river.

On trail: you walk across the ancient dike, the West Friese Omringdijk, to Enkhuizen. From here the ferry across the IJsselmeer brings you to Stavoren    (80 min.), the oldest and ever richest city in Friesland. You walk through villages of the fishermen, church paths, through meadows, like the Aldegeaster Brekken, the shores of the lake of Sneek, where you will find terraces for a cup of coffee with the local "dumkes".......

Through Akkrum where we leave the lake district, preparing for some days in a more forested area with peat colonies. And suddenly, walking through a relatively poor area you enter Beetsterswaag, pearl of the Frisian landed nobility: country mansions with beautiful parks.

Then we walk into the province of Drente, a small-scaled landscape with little villages and lot of streams. The AA river basin. Across the Hondsrug moraine from the ice age we walk into the province of Groningen. Elongated peat villages remind us of the poverty of the past. Or the great wealth that the large mansions of Bellingwolde still show.
It's here that we cross the Noaberpad. Another famous footpath in rural Netherlands.

After a few kilometers we pass the "border" with Germany. The landscape is the same as on the Dutch side.You can smell the sea air and almost taste the salt. Ost - east -  Friesland !